Investigation of the local thermodynamic equilibrium of laser-induced aluminum plasma by Thomson scattering technique


A laser Thomson scattering method was applied to investigate the local Saha–Boltzmann equilibrium in aluminum
laser-induced plasma. Plasma was created in ambient air using 4.5 ns pulses from a Nd:YAG laser at
532 nm, focused on an Al target. Spatially resolved measurements, performed for the time interval between
600 ns and 3 μs, show electron density and temperature to decrease from 3.4 × 1023 m−3 to 0.5 × 1023 m−3
and from 61,000 K to 13,000 K in the plasma core. The existence of local thermodynamic equilibria in the plasma
was verified by comparing the rates of the collisional to radiative processes (the McWhirter criterion), as well as
relaxation times and diffusion lengths of different plasma species, with the appropriate rate of electron density
evolution and its gradients at given, experimentally determined, electron temperatures.We found these criteria
to be much easier to satisfy for metallic plasma species than for nitrogen. The criteria are also easier to satisfy in
the plasma core of higher electron density.

Autorzy / Authors: 
A. Mendys, M. Kański, A. Farah-Sougueh, S. Pellerin, B. Pokrzywka, K. Dzierżęga
Spectrochimica Acta Part B
Tematyka badań: 
Plazma indukowana laserowo
Spektroskopia laserowa